The Most Common Eye Problems

Eye problems can begin to develop at a young age or they may show up later in the aging process. To help you to become aware of their causes and symptoms, here are a few of the most common eye problems.

Diabetic Retinopathy

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you could be at risk of developing this eye problem, due to the continual high blood pressure and high blood sugar that diabetes causes. Diabetic retinopathy comes in different forms that can damage separate parts of the eye. Most commonly, the tiny vessels in the eye can rupture or become blocked, which can cause intraocular bleeding among other issues.

Refractive Errors

Farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism fall in this category of eye conditions, which are widely known to be the most common of all conditions concerning the eyes. From a young age, people who will later show the symptoms of one of these problems will likely inherently have the condition present in their eyes to some extent.

The causes of refractive errors include aging lenses, eyeballs that are too long or too short, and the occurrence of a change in the shape of the cornea. Presbyopia is one condition in particular that can occur after the age of 40, due to a hardening of the lenses.

Glaucoma

With this condition, the eye becomes less able to rid itself of old fluids because of blockages, which can cause excessive intraocular pressure. This can lead to optic nerve damage. It is more likely to develop in older people and in people with diabetes.

Cataracts

There are a couple of main reasons why cataracts can develop, and most of the time only in older people does the condition become severe enough to affect one’s vision. Cataracts is the result of one’s lenses becoming clouded, likely due to an injury (which may have occurred years before symptoms arise) or the long-term deterioration of proteins in the eyes. Unlike many other conditions, it can be cured through surgery. Dr. Alex G. Wilson and our optometrists can determine the appropriate treatment.

Please contact us to access our eye care services, whether you have the beginnings of one of these conditions or require an annual eye exam.

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